Gum Disease also known as Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums and underlying bone which support your teeth. It is caused by a build up of the bacteria which live in the plaque and calculus on your teeth. The bacteria and toxins produced by the bacteria irritate your gums.
If you don’t remove plaque from your teeth and gums every day, you may find that your gums become swollen and red and that they bleed easily when you brush your teeth.
As the disease progresses, your gums may pull away from your teeth to form pockets or gaps between your teeth and gums. We call these gaps Periodontal Pockets. As periodontal pockets can be very difficult to clean out properly, they tend to fill up with more plaque and calculus.
Is Gum Disease dangerous?
If the infection in the periodontal pockets spreads to your underlying jawbone, your teeth may become loose. Gum disease is the main reason for tooth loss in adults.
What are the signs of Gum Disease?
You might notice that you have bleeding gums, bad breath, receding gums or loose teeth depending on how advanced the disease has become. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms you should not delay seeing a dentist.
Causes of Gum Disease
Typical causes of gum disease include poor oral hygiene, weak immunity, health conditions or diseases, medications, oral injury and/or lifestyle factors such as an unbalanced diet and smoking. Although these multiple factors can trigger gum disease, plaque residue to which bacteria attaches and grows is the main cause.
For this reason, it is vital to maintain regular oral hygiene through daily teeth brushing and flossing, as well as regular dental check-ups and professional teeth cleaning. Plaque develops into solid tartar that can only be removed safely without oral damage by a dentist through teeth cleaning, scaling and polishing.
Treating Gum Disease
Gum disease is treatable and we have the dental professionals, who are qualified and experienced in this field, to help patients in the prevention and removal of gum disease.
Preventative treatments include teeth scaling and polishing to remove plaque and tartar build-up. Teeth are scaled and polished for a fresh and healthy mouth. Guidance is provided to patients on how best to maintain oral hygiene.